/  Rubber sheet, Metal sheet, Non-Woven


Styrene-Butadiene Rubber (SBR):


  • Good abrasion resistance.
  • Moderate tensile strength.
  • Resistant to wear and dynamic loading.
  • Applications:
  • Tires (commonly used in car tires).
  • Conveyor belts.
  • Footwear.
  • Flooring materials.

Neoprene (CR):


  • Excellent weather resistance.
  • Good resistance to oils and chemicals.
  • Flame-resistant and self-extinguishing.
  • Applications:
  • Gaskets and seals.
  • Hoses.
  • Wetsuits.
  • Automotive fan belts.

Nitrile Rubber (NBR):


  • Excellent oil and fuel resistance.
  • Good abrasion resistance.
  • Resistant to heat and chemicals.
  • Applications:
  • Seals and gaskets in oil industry.
  • Fuel hoses.
  • O-rings.
  • Gloves.

Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM):


  • Excellent weather and ozone resistance.
  • Good resistance to heat and steam.
  • Applications:
  • Automotive weatherstripping.
  • Roofing materials.
  • Radiator and garden hoses.
  • Seals for windows and doors.

Silicone Rubber (VMQ):


  • Wide temperature resistance (-60°C to 230°C).
  • Excellent flexibility and elasticity.
  • Good electrical insulating properties.
  • Applications:
  • Medical devices and implants.
  • Cooking utensils.
  • Automotive seals and gaskets.
  • High-temperature applications.

Butyl Rubber (IIR):


  • Excellent gas impermeability.
  • Good weather resistance.
  • Applications:
  • Tire inner tubes.
  • Roofing.
  • Seals for vacuum systems.
  • Pharmaceuticals stoppers.

Fluoroelastomers (FKM/Viton):


  • Excellent chemical resistance.
  • High-temperature resistance.
  • Applications:
  • Aerospace seals and gaskets.
  • Automotive fuel system components.
  • Chemical processing seals.

Chlorosulfonated Polyethylene (CSM):


  • Excellent weather resistance.
  • Good resistance to ozone and chemicals.
  • High tensile strength.
  • Applications:
  • Roofing materials.
  • Cable sheathing.
  • Pond liners.

Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Rubber (Nitrile/PVC Blend):


  • Combines properties of NBR and PVC.
  • Good oil resistance.
  • Applications:
  • Fuel hoses.
  • Seals and gaskets.
  • O-rings.

/  Copper sheet, Ni sheet, Al sheet

In Flexible Printed Circuit (FPC) making, metal sheets, particularly thin foils, are used as a critical component in the construction of flexible circuits. Here are some key points related to the use of metal sheets in FPC manufacturing:

Copper Foil in FPC Making:

 Conductive Layer:

Application: Copper foil is commonly used as the conductive layer in FPCs, forming the traces and conductive paths that carry electrical signals.


Copper's excellent electrical conductivity is essential for the efficient transmission of electrical signals in electronic circuits.

Etching Process:


The copper foil undergoes an etching process to create the desired circuit pattern on the FPC.

Properties: The ability of copper to be selectively removed through etching allows for the precise formation of circuit traces.

Thickness Options:


Copper foil comes in various thicknesses, and the choice of thickness depends on the specific requirements of the FPC.

Properties: Thinner foils are suitable for applications requiring flexibility, while thicker foils may be used for robust connections.


Application: Copper foils used in FPCs are designed to maintain flexibility, allowing the circuit to conform to the shape of the device or application.

Properties: Copper's inherent malleability and ductility contribute to the flexibility of the FPC.

Other Metal Sheets:

 Adhesive and Insulating Layers:

Application: In addition to copper, FPCs may include other metal sheets for adhesive or insulating purposes.

Properties: These layers provide insulation between conductive layers and help in bonding different components of the FPC.

Stainless Steel or Aluminum Stiffeners:


Metal stiffeners, often made of stainless steel or aluminum, may be added to provide structural support to specific areas of the FPC.

Properties: These stiffeners enhance the mechanical strength and stability of the FPC.

 Metal Dome Switches:

Application: FPCs used in membrane switches or touch-sensitive applications may incorporate metal dome switches.

Properties: Metal dome switches, often made of materials like stainless steel, provide tactile feedback and durability in user interfaces.

 EMI Shielding Layers:

Application: Metal foils, such as copper or aluminum, can be used as EMI shielding layers to protect sensitive electronic components from electromagnetic interference.

Properties: The conductivity and shielding properties of these metal layers help maintain signal integrity.

/  Non-Woven, Spunbond bond, Felt

Non-woven fabrics, including spunbond and felt materials, find diverse applications across various industries due to their unique characteristics. Let's explore the applications of non-woven, spunbond, and felt materials:

 Non-Woven Fabric:

Medical and Hygiene Products:

Applications: Non-woven fabrics are widely used in medical and hygiene products, including surgical masks, gowns, caps, and diapers.

Properties: Non-wovens provide breathability, fluid resistance, and comfort.


Applications: Non-woven geotextiles are used in construction and civil engineering for soil stabilization, erosion control, and drainage.

Properties: They offer strength, durability, and permeability.

 Filtration Media:

Applications: Non-wovens are used in air and liquid filtration applications, such as HVAC filters, automotive filters, and water filtration systems.

Properties: Non-wovens provide efficient particle retention and airflow.


Applications: Non-woven fabrics are used in packaging, including tote bags, promotional bags, and agricultural packaging.

Properties: They offer strength, lightweight, and customizability.

 Apparel and Footwear:

Applications: Non-wovens are used in disposable apparel, shoe linings, and interlinings.

Properties: Non-wovens provide comfort, breathability, and cost-effectiveness.

 Automotive Interiors:

Applications: Non-woven materials are used in automotive applications, such as headliners, door panels, and trunk liners.

Properties: Non-wovens offer acoustic insulation, thermal insulation, and moldability.

Spunbond Fabric:

 Disposable Products:

Applications: Spunbond fabrics are used in the production of disposable items, including medical apparel, face masks, and disposable tablecloths.

Properties: Spunbond fabrics offer strength, durability, and breathability.

 Agricultural Covers:

Applications: Spunbond fabrics are used in agriculture for crop covers, weed control, and frost protection.

Properties: They provide UV resistance and allow air and water permeability.

 Mattress and Furniture Upholstery:

Applications: Spunbond materials are used in mattress covers, furniture upholstery, and bedding.

Properties: Spunbond fabrics offer durability, comfort, and water resistance.

 Industrial Packaging:

Applications: Spunbond fabrics are used in industrial packaging, including wrapping materials and protective covers.

Properties: They provide strength, tear resistance, and flexibility.

 Felt Material:

Crafts and Hobbies:

Applications: Felt is commonly used in crafts and hobbies for making decorations, ornaments, and DIY projects.

Properties: Felt is easy to cut, sew, and glue, making it versatile for various creative applications.

 Clothing and Fashion Accessories:

Applications: Felt is used in clothing items such as hats, scarves, and gloves, as well as in fashion accessories.

Properties: Felt offers warmth, softness, and a unique texture.


Applications: Felt is used in the production of footwear, including insoles and linings for shoes and boots.

Properties: Felt provides insulation, cushioning, and moisture absorption.

 Industrial Applications:

Applications: Industrial felt is used in applications like polishing, gasket manufacturing, and as absorbent pads.

Properties: Industrial felt can be made from various fibers, offering specific properties for different applications.

 Automotive Applications:

Applications: Felt is used in automotive applications, such as as anti-squeak and rattle pads, and as insulation in vehicles.

Properties: Felt provides sound absorption and vibration dampening.

The applications of non-woven, spunbond, and felt materials are vast and diverse, spanning industries such as healthcare, agriculture, construction, fashion, and manufacturing.

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